The chain of being is a concept where medieval Christianity thought to believe in a strict hierarchical structure of all matter of life. The hierarchy system starts off with God and progresses downwards to angels, demons, stars, moons, princes, nobles, commoners, wild animals, domesticated animals, trees, other plants, precious stones, precious metal and lastly minerals.
The play starts off with Gloucester and Kent discussing the fact that King Lear is about to divide the kingdom among his three daughters. Kent then asks Gloucester to introduce his son, which he then introduces his son Edmund who is a bastard.
- Gloucester and Kent discussing the kingdom being divided.
- Introduced to Edmund, Gloucester’s son. Gloucester explains that Edmund is a bastard that is being raised away from home.
- King Lear enters the throne room and declares his plan to divide the kingdom amongst his three daughters. He plans to divide the kingdom up by asking the girls to show how much they love him through a speech. The girl that loves him the most will get the greatest share of the kingdom.
- Lear’s older daughters Goneril and Regan respond to his request, telling the king how much they love him.
- Cordelia, the youngest refuses to tell him how much she loves him in order to get shares of the kingdom. She explains she will love him as much as a daughter should love a father
- King Lear is not impressed by this and flares into a rage, disowning Cordelia and dividing the kingdom between the two other girls.
- Kent, who has served the king for many years expresses that he disagrees with the way he has awarded his two eldest daughters for flattery and disowned his youngest even though her love is pure unlike the other two.
- Lear turns his anger towards Kent who is then banished from the kingdom, having only six days to leave.
- The king of France and the duke of burgundy and waiting for Lear to decide which one of them will be marrying Cordelia.
- Lear explains that Cordelia no longer has any title or land so the Duke of Burgandy, removes his offer but the King of France is impressed by her honesty so Lear sends Cordelia away with the king of France to become his queen.
- Goneril and Regan decide that they need to reduce their father’s authority so they plan in secret a way to do this.
- Edmund expresses how he is dissatisfied with society’s attitude towards bastards.
- Edmund is very jealous of his legitimate half-brother who is set to inherit their fathers’ estate so Edmund then decides to do away with Edgar and seize the privileges that society has denied him.
- Edmund plans to discredit his brother by writing a letter in which it appears that Edgar is plotting his father, Gloucester’s death. Edmund makes a show of hiding this letter in front of his father, so naturally, Gloucester demands to read it. Edmund answers his father’s questions with lies and Gloucester is then lead to believe that his legitimate son is plotting to kill him to hasten the inheritance of Gloucester wealth and lands.
- Edmund talks to Edgar and tells him the Gloucester is very angry at him and that he should avoid him and should carry a sword at all times, this will ensure that Gloucester will definitely think that Edgar is trying to kill him.
- Lear is spending the first part of his retirement at Goneril’s castle.
- Goneril complains to her steward that Lear is acting righteous and that Lear is an obnoxious guest.
- She requests that her servents act rudely towards Lear and his attendants.
- Kent comes in a disguised as a peasant calling himself Ciaus
- He is accepted into Lears service
- Lear’s servants and knights are noticing that Goneril’s servants are disobeying their commands.
- When Lear asks Oswald where Goneril is, Oswald walks out without replying.
- Oswald walks back in and gives disrespectful replies to Lear which Lear gets very angry and strikes Oswald.
- Kent helps Lear by tripping Oswald.
- The fool comes in and delivers a series of puns and double entities telling the king that he has made a huge mistake handing the kingdom over to his daughters.
- Goneril comes back in and tells Lear that servants and knights have been too disrespectful that they have to leave
- Lear is totally enraged by Goneril saying this that he curses at her and insults her and demands that he is going to stay with Regan.
- Little does Lear know that Regan doesn’t want to house him and his hundred knights either.
- Lear sens Kent to deliver a message to Gloucester.
- The fool once again takes the piss out of Lear’s decision to hand the power over to his girls and Lears naivety to think that Regan will treat him any different to how Goneril was treating him.
- Lear leaves for Regans
Cordelia – “Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave my heart into my mouth. I love your majesty according to my bond; no more no less.” – This quote shows Cordelia’s personality
2 long texts –
I am not Esther
This story is a bibliography about Kelly Wilson and the lives of her two sisters and her who are all a massive part of the equestrian world not only in New Zealand but around the world. She has written three books about different events or challenges that the sisters have taken on. This book is about when they rescued 11 wild Kaimanawa horses from the 2015 Kaimanawa muster.
I am not Esther by Fleur Beale.
I am not Esther is a story about a girl who is left by her mother to love with relatives she has never met before. Her family members are a part of a religious cult and she is forced to live by the strict social rules of the cult. She is given the biblical name ‘Esther’ by her elders, throughout the novel she is determined to not lose her identity.
Throughout the novel it is apparent that Kirby is she is challenged with her identity. She is shipped off to live with relatives in a religious cult, her name is changed to Esther and she is forced to live by the rules set by the religious cult. This is a massive shock to Kirby as she has lived with her mum in the past and hasn’t been a part of any religion.
Identity is who a person is and what, who, where they identify themselves with. I can relate to some of Kirby’s traits as she is a very determined girl. This is shown throughout the book, one instance is while she is staying with her relatives Kirby is determined that she will not lose her identity and not forget the people and where she came from. She uses many different techniques throughout the book to do so.
The novel Fahrenheit 451 written by Ray Bradbury is an example of a dystopia. A dystopia is an imagined place or state where things have been degraded or are bad. These novels are usually set in the future from when they were written and are quite often a warning to society. Fahrenheit 451 was written in around 1953, the novel is set in the future where times are very different from what they were in the 1950’s but these times are not to far away from what we are living today. The novel is set in America where Montag lives with his wife, Mildred. It illustrates their life living in this time. I believe that the content of Fahrenheit 451 is a warning to society about the greed and need for control by the government, this greed in the novel lead to the lack of freedom for the citizens of America without them knowing what is actually happening. Fahrenheit 451 talks about the use of technology leading to the lack of freedom throughout the world which is commonly seen in dystopian novels.
The first example of the government limiting the freedom of citizens is the ‘firemen’ burning books. In this novel firemen aren’t like they are today in fact they start fires instead of putting fires out. In this time books are illegal and if anyone is found to have books their house will be lit on fire, burning all of the contents of it. The books are described in this novel to only bring pain and worry to people so they must be burnt. Firemen burning houses and books is shown through out the whole novel, an example of this is in the first paragraph of the novel with Montag at work starting a fire in someones house who is suspected to be holding books. Ray Bradbury uses the opening paragraph to describe what Montag’s actions are. “the brass nozzle in his fists, with this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world, the blood pounded in is head, and his hands were the hands of some amazing conductor playing all the symphonies of blazing and burning to bring down the tatters and charcoal ruins of history” This shows the emotionless work that is done by the firemen. I believe that the government has made this law because they are afraid of what the books contain and what they could cause people to find out, in other words the government is controlling media in order to have complete control over citizens. This is shown in the novel with this quote “So now do you see why books are so hated and feared? They show the pores in the face of life” This quote shows that the books go deeper into life and expose more than what the government want to portray life to be. This has actually happened in real life and is still happening today. For example today in North Korea Kim Jong-Un controls what is published and accessible on all media from, books to newspapers and even the internet. This is a use of control so that the citizens of North Korea don’t know what is actually happening in the real world and its stops them from asking questions they only know everything from Kim Jong-Un’s perspective, this way Kim Jong-Un is able to continue having complete control over North Korea.
Another aspect throughout the film that limits the citizens freedom is fear. Fear is used in order for people to be scared into obeying the law. For example the mechanical hound, he is used to sniff out anyone who has books. The fear of the mechanical hound and of burning houses of people who have been have books. This hound is described by Montag as “The Mechanical Hound slept but did not sleep, lived but did not live in its gently humming, gently vibrating softly illuminated kennel back in a dark corner of the firehouse.” Ray Bradbury gave the impression that the mechanical hounds are very intimidating. By using this technique of fear of what the hierarchy people are going to do to the citizens it makes them less likely to commit crimes. This is shown throughout the novel with things such as the mechanical dog and burning houses. An example of this is with Faber who is an old professor, he is afraid of everyone and he doesn’t know who to trust. Montag met Faber a year ago in the book and he remembers him talking about books so Montag journeys across town to Faber’s house to talk to him about books. Faber shows this aspect of fear when Montag knocks at the door and he explains that he is alone.
Faber “who is it?”
Montag “Montag out here”
Faber “what do you want”
Montag “Let me in”
Faber “I haven’t done anything”
Montag “Im alone dammit”
Faber “you swear it?”
Montag “I swear!”
This shows that Faber is withdrawaled and worried about people knocking on his door and what their intent is.
In Fahrenheit 451 Ray Bradbury wrote about how in this time where the book is that they have a virtual reality, this is called the parlour in the novel. People spend hours in the parlour building a life. Mildred and Montag have three parlour walls and Mildred wants another one but they are very expensive. In the story it is evident that Mildred spends the majority of her time in the parlour and that she is addicted to this virtual reality. I believe that the government in this novel use the parlour as a “distraction”. This distracts the people from what is really happening the world and stops them from interacting socially. It also stops the citizens from asking questions. If they ask questions this can be a major threat and could arise things that the government wants to keep under covers.
This aspect of distraction also ties in with Another aspect that is briefly discussed in the novel Fahrenheit 451. Citizens in the novel in this time become very bored and disconnected from their lives without really realising it. I believe that this is because it stops them from interacting socially and they rarely get to think for themselves, citizens never really get to enjoy their lives. This is shown when Montag comes home and he finds Mildred and she has overdosed in an attempt to take her life. He calls the emergency services and two men arrive at his house. Ray Bradbury describes them as impersonal like robots or machines and its as if they do this all the time. This is shown in the paragraph where Montag discovers Mildred “operated by an equally impersonal fellow in non stainable reddish-brown coveralls” This shows how the citizens are so disconnected from their life and how they are uninterested in their lives due to the limitations put on their life. Mildred uses the parlour as a distraction not only to distract her from what isn’t known but to distract her from what is really going on in her mind. This is quite often happening in life today, people use social media to distract or create a image of what their life is but this is all just to distract people from what may actually be happening in this persons life.
The dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451, written by Ray Bradbury is a warning to society about the abuse of power that the government is cape able of. He has illustrated this throughout the novel from the burning of books to more subtle things such as using the virtual reality to distract citizens. Even though Ray Bradbury’s ideas about life in the future they aren’t exactly the same as what we are living today but they aren’t far off. Such as Kim Jong-Un and his input into media, and the ways social media is used today to create an image of what life should be and how it isn’t always what the person is always living. I think that this state of life can be avoided by listening to Ray’s warnings and we should not be oblivious to what the government is trying to do and not let them abuse their power.
In this scene Jerome is shown crawling up the stairs to make sure that when Anton and Irene come to test his genetics to determine that he is who he says he is. A non – diegetic sound track is used throughout the scene in order to create tension for the viewer. This tension increases as the non